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中考英语写作指导

2020-04-09

2020中考英语写作指导1

  一、写作步骤

  1. 细心审题

  审题是英文写作的关键,如果审题不清,那么你会死的很惨。学生真正开始写作前,必须花相当一部分时间做写前阅读、思考等准备,包含以下四方面:

  1)审体裁。根据情景提示首先要弄清写什么体裁文章。

  2)审结构。明确开始部分、正文部分和结尾部分,定好段落。

  3)审格式。如日记、便条、书信、通知的格式等。

  4)审内容。弄清什么必需写,哪些略写,尤其是图画式书面表达,要学会连贯性,读懂图的意思。

  5)审人称和时态。弄清书面表达要求用何种人称,根据材料确定短文的基本时态。

  2.列提纲

  列提纲能帮你构思内容,理清思路,能收到事半功倍的效果。

  首先要理解题目和主题句。根据主题思想来确定几个观点来论述主题,然后构思全段内容。

  3.完整句子

  根据题目要求以及提示在提纲中组织句子。

  4.连接

  把组织好的句子用恰当的连接词串联起来。

  5.检查

  再次检查有无单词拼写,名词单复数,时态,动词形式,主谓一致,大小写,标点,人称,冠词等是否使用正确。

  6.抄到答题卷上

  确认无误,认真抄写在答题卷上 (以上步骤需要反复训练,若时间紧张可以直接在答题纸上直接写作文,节省时间。)

  二、写作要求

  1:词汇精准、多样

  特别注意名词单复数的运用,动词时态,主谓一致,人称一致的正确运用;单词拼写正确;

  副词的运用。

  在句子的某些位置,添加副词,可以使句子和文段更有人性味,更有情感性。如:I really enjoy the beauty of the sea in the sun. 加了一个really,就有丰富了。

  2:句式丰富

  一篇文章,通常能较好体现学生对英语语言结构、词块、句式的运用。因此各类句式的精彩呈现往往可以提升书面表达的成绩。

  初中阶段英语写作常用的句式如下:There be…; the more…the more…; It’s adj for sbto do something; I think/believe/suppose…(宾从);

  尤其是复合句的适恰运用对提升文章的层次很有帮助。当然,对大多数同学来说,仿写很重要,在教材和很多的阅读书籍中都蕴含着丰富的好词佳句,多多借鉴。所以,同学们,英语是一定要多背的。加油吧!!

  3:衔接流畅

  恰当使用逻辑词语,使各要点间连贯,行文通顺。

  表并列或递进: and,both…and...,neither…nor, not only…but also...;

  表选择: or,either…or;

  表转折或让步: but,although, though, however, even though, in spite of, on the contrary;

  表对比: like,unlike, while;

  表举例: forexample, such as;

  表强调: infact, besides;

  表时间顺序: When,after, before, as soon as, soon;

  表因果关系: because,since, as, for, for this reason,as a resu<

  表结论: in aword, in summary, in conclusion

  4:卷面美观

  尽量不做涂改,抄到答题卷上的习惯。

  刘老师说:英语书面表达能力的形成不是一日之功,必须从平时的课堂学习一点一滴抓起,持之以恒。下面整理了初中英语写作常用的连接词及一些重点从句、句型。

  一、常用连接词

  1.表文章结构顺序:First of all, Firstly/First, Secondly/Second…

  And then, Finally, In the end, At last

  2.表并列补充关系的:What is more, besides

  3.表转折对比关系的:However, but

  Although clause(从句)On the one hand… On the other hand…Some… while others…

  4.表因果关系的:Because, As ,So, Thus, Therefore, As a result

  5.表换一种方式表达:In other words

  6.表进行举例说明:For example,句子;For instance,句子;

  7.表陈述事实:In fact

  8.表达自己观点: In my opinion

  9.表总结:In a wordIn summary

  10.文中正确使用两三个好的.句型,如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。

  (1)宾语从句举例:I believe Tianjin will be more beautiful and prosperous.

  (2)状语从句举例:If everyone does something for the environment, our hometown will become clean and beautiful.

  (3)动名词做主语举例:Reading books in the sun is bad for our eyes.

  It's bad for our eyes to read books in the sun.

  二、常用状语从句

  1.时间:when, not…until, as soon as

  2.目的:so that 从句; to do(为了)

  3.结果:so…that 从句, too…to do(太……以至于……)

  4.条件:if, unless(除非), as long as(只要)

  5.让步:though, although, even though, even if ,no matter what/when/where/who/which/how

  6.比较:as…as…, not so…as…, than

  三、重点句型

  1.It is said that 句子 据说…

  It is reported that 句子 据报道…

  2.There is no need to do 没必要做…

  3.It's adj. for sb. to do 做…对某人来说…

  4.so/such… that … 如此… 以至于…

  too … to do 太… 而不能…

  5.not…until… 直到…才… 例: I didn't go to bed until my mother came back.

  6.The reason why 句子 is that 句子 … 的原因是…

  7.The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)

  8.That is why 句子 那是…的原因

  9.That is because 句子 那是因为…

  10.as we all know, 句子 据我们所知

  11.it is generally / publicly known / considered that…, 众所周知

  四、提建议

  I suggest / advice that you should do 我建议你做…

  If I were you, I would do… 我要是你的话,我会做…

  It's best to do 最好做…

  had better (not) do 最好(不)做

  how about / what about doing …怎么样?

  I think you should do 我认为你应该…

  Why not do / why don't you do…? 为什么不…

  五、努力做

  try to do 努力做…

  try one's best to do = do one's best to do 竭尽全力做……

  do what sb. can (do) to do 尽力做…

  六、表示喜欢和感兴趣

  like / love doing

  enjoy doing

  be fond of doing 喜欢做…

  prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A也不愿做B

  be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n. / doing

  七、表示想/希望

  want to do = would like to do 想做…

  hope to do 希望做…

  expect to do 期待着做…

  wish to do 希望做…

  consider doing 考虑做…

  八、打算做、计划做

  plan to do 打算做…

  be going to do 打算做…

  decide to do 决定做…

  make up one 's mind to do 下定决心做…

  九、必背句型

  finish 完成/ practice 练习 / suggest建议 / consider 考虑 / mind 介意 / enjoy 喜欢doing

  look forward to doing 盼望做…

  keep on doing 坚持做…

  dream of doing 梦想做…

  can't help doing 情不自禁地做…

  keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做…

  be busy (in ) doing be busy with 名词 忙于做…

  spend time / money (in )doingspend time / money on 名词 花费时间做…

  have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得开心

  have trouble / have problem / have difficulty (in) doing 或 with 名词 做…有困难

2020中考英语写作指导2

  说明文是就某一件事说明清楚,一般总是以空间顺序展开的,可以自上而下,自左而右,从里到外,从整体到局部等等。写物的文章常用“某处有某物”的句子表示物的存在。

  常用的句型如:

  There be...

  I have got a/an...

  It is-red/green/colour/round...

  I like…best.

  It looks like...

  I like it very much.

  I will keep it for ever.

  范文1

  Our Language Lab

  There is a language lab in our school. It's on the third floor. It's big and clean. There are 50 desks and 50 chairs in it. There are 50 computers and a control desk(操纵台)in it. There are50 headphones(耳机)on the desk. Every week we have our English lessons here. We watch slides, TV, video and listen to tapes. Then the teacher asks us questions. We like our language lab and always keep it clean and tidy.

  点评:这篇文章写了“我们的语音室”,按照一定的空间顺序,先写设备,再写功能,让人对语音室的概貌有一个全面,准确的了解。

  范文2

  Our Housing Estate

  There are many nice housing estates in Pudong New Area. Our Housing estate Rainbow Estate is one of them. You can see three blocks in the middle. There is a beautiful garden in front of Block 2.In the garden there is a fountain. There is a shop on the right of Block 1.A big playground lies on the left of Block 3. You can see many men, women, boys and girls having exercise there. There is a small kindergarten in our housing estate. It is convenient and comfortable for us to live in our housing estate.

  点评:文章的结构与布局较合理,有一定的顺序,层次分明。

2020中考英语写作指导3

  结构:中考最流行的结构就是三段式,深受各地区中考英语写作阅卷老师的喜爱。为什么?因为这种结构十分清晰。“观点——要点——总结”让人一目了然。三段式的第一段:简单明了,开门见山,不超过2句话,如,我们想表达小强很强壮,第一段直接说 XQ is extremely strong. 观点明确,这一句足矣。第二段:分2-3点说为什么他强壮。1. 每天吃10顿饭,He has ten meals everyday! 详举吃的是什么。2. 每天运动2小时,He does exercise 2 hours a day! 详举做了什么运动。第三段:经过第二段的论证,可以得出结论。但请注意,不能完全照抄第一段,要有升华。也可以提出希望和建议等。如,How strong and robust XQ is! I hope to be him one day!

  要点:实际上中考英语写作就等于两个字,翻译!因为中考英语写作一般会给出几个要点,要求必须在文章中有所体现。文章写的再好,只要缺少要点就会扣分。所以要点,也就是文章的第二段内容,要做到全,围绕中心。

  逻辑:这里的逻辑实际指的就是逻辑词。最常用的就是表示递进的,转折的,总结的逻辑词等。递进:除了first, second, third, finally 等还可以使用高级点的,如first of all(首先),in addition, what's more, moreover(都是另外的意思),in a word, all in all(表示总结的)。转折:but, yet, however等。真正有经验的阅卷老师会很注意这些逻辑连接词,因为这些词体现了这个文章的思路。

  语法:其他几点都不是硬性的要求,不那样做不能说是错,只能说是不好,但是语法却是硬性的。如,单词的使用,时态等。

  亮点:当我们将前八个字都做得很完美的时候也只能得到一个二等文的上。要想得到一等文,最后两个字,亮点至关重要。大家设想如果我们是阅卷老师。有两篇写人美丽的作文摆在我们面前,都是结构清晰的三段式,要点都很全,都用了一些逻辑词,都没有语法错误,但是A篇只用了beautiful,good-looking,B篇却用到了attractive,charming,catching等,我坚信正常人都会给B篇高分的。这些高级一点的词汇,词组,句型便是我们得到一等文的最有力的绝招。所以,以后写英语作文要养成一般词汇限量用的好习惯。

  只要把这十个字都搞定了,那么中考英语作文就一定能搞定!

  评分标准:

  1. 内容完整,语句流畅,无语法错误,书写规范,给12-15分;

  2. 内容较完整,语句较流畅,基本无语法错误,书写较规范,给9-11分;

  3. 内容不完整,语句欠流畅,语法错误较多,书写较规范,给5-8分;

  4. 只写出个别要点,语法错误较多,书写欠规范,只有个别句子可读或不知所云,给0-3分。

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