NMET97听力试题评述

2008-08-07

    国家教委考试中心97年在广东省进行高考英语听力测试试点,此举引起了全国中学英语教师的极大关注。 本文拟对NMET97听力试题作一评介。(试题附后)
    一、NMET97听力试题介绍
    广东省在今年的NMET中增加了听力测试,但今年成绩不计入总分,仅作参考。98年以10%计入总分,99年 以20%计入总分。今年广东省英语高考时间是2小时30分,听力在NMET笔试前进行,共30分钟。 听力测试结束 后发笔试试卷,考生继续进行笔试。
    听力试题由四段简单的对话和两段短文组成,共809个单词, 要求考生根据听到的内容回答试卷上的问题 。每一段文字读两遍,每个问题给考生25秒钟时间回答,录音速度适中,考生能够适应。
    整个试卷的题目安排体现了从易到难,循序渐进的原则。对话和短文,对话在前,因为对话更接近生活, 句子结构和用词相对容易。在对话中,第一段和第四段对话之间又呈梯形排列。第一段对话的内容、长度和要 求回答问题的难度都不及第四段对话。
    短文要求考生能听懂一段连贯的表达,其内容和现实生活相关,但语言结构和词汇比对话稍难。其中第五 段短文共有258 个词汇,占听力试卷词汇量的四分之一;第六段短文接近于新闻稿。
    二、NMET97听力试题评价
    国家教委在广东进行加试听力的试验,其目的就是对高考进行改革,使高考能更好地反作用于中学英语教 学,更有利于大学选拔人才,逐步解决我国英语教学耗时长,效率低的现状。今年高考结束后,教师们普遍反 映,听力试题的命题是成功的。成功之处就在于命题者能依据当代应用语言学的研究成果,着眼于高考命题的 整体改革,把测试考生语言运用能力作为测试的目标,没有在辨音、辨句或简单的交际问答里兜圈子(这是学 生在学习英语的起始阶段应解决的问题);而是围绕培养学生在听的过程中获取信息的能力设置试题。命题者 选择了听觉输入最常见的两种形式:对话和叙述;并围绕日常话题(如学习,求助等),使内容贴近考生生活 实际。这样做既符合中学英语教学大纲的要求,也符合社会生活和继续学习对考生英语听能的要求。
    三、NMET97听力试题给我们的启示
    试题提示我们,中学英语教学一定要在培养学生运用英语的能力上下功夫,英语教学既要给学生讲必要的 语言知识,更要强调培养学生用英语进行交际的能力。交际能力并不仅限于听说能力(目前中学英语界的一个 认识误区就是“交际能力=听说能力”),它也包括读写能力。
    试题也提示我们,高考英语试题和英语的各类水平测试都要进行改革。高考是教学的“指挥棒”。它对中 学英语教学的反拨作用目前还没有别的'手段可以代替。高考增加了听力测试,部分省市的高中毕业会考增加了 听力测试,全国各地的中考都增加了听力测试,这是中学英语考试改革的重要一步。我们认为,在有听力测试 的情况下,原来流行的书面考查语音的试题已无继续的必要。在教学中,我们应该要求学生注意发音,但通过 大量的书面试题测试语音并不能解决学生的语音问题;以前这样做是为了引导教师注意语音和口语教学。
    四、NMET听力试题与NMET复试的关系
    广东省报考外语专业的考生要参加NMET复试。其他省市称这种复试为口试。复试内容包括听力测试(占55 %),语言测试(占15%)和口试(占30%);也就是说,报考外语专业的考生参加NMET97听力测试后,还要 参加NMET97复试的听力测试。
    这里,笔者简介一下广东省NMET复试的三种题型:
    1.听力:听力有三道大题。第一大题是听力理解。题型和NMET听力试题一样,由六段对话和讲话组成,共 20个问题,涉及购机票,地铁经历,太空旅行,求职,妇女地位等内容。每段对话或讲话仅播一遍,每小题答 题时间为20秒,语速较快。
    第二大题是语音听辨。其中第1小题是辨音, 要求考生从所给四个不同的单词或虚构单词中,选出听到的 那一个,念一遍,每小题答题时间为10秒。第2小题是辨词组, 要求考生从所给四个不同的短语中选出听到的 那一个,念一遍,每小题答题时间为12秒。
    第三大题是分辨句子重音与句子的意义。举例如下:
    下面你可以听到五组小对话,试卷上印出了每组对话中的第二句原话,后跟A,B,C,D四个句子,请注意 听对话的重音,并据此指出A,B,C,D四个句中哪个在意思上与原句最接近。每组对话念一遍, 每题给15秒钟 回答时间。
    录音:—I go sailing every day in summer.
    —I go fishing every day in summer.
    答卷:I go fishing every day in summer.
    A.It is in summer that I go fishing every day.
    B.It is fishing that I go every day.
    C.I like fishing so much that I go every day.
    D.I am the one who goes fishing every day.(答案为B)
    2.语言观察:语言观察有三道大题。举例如下:
    A )请在下列每对句子中指出:第一句的划线部分在句法结构上相当于第二句的哪一个部分。
    The soldiers caught the spy.
    ──
    He likes to play football with his classmates.
    ─ ──── ────────
    A B C

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    ───────────────────
    D(答案为D)
    B)下列句子中的划线部分都是虚构的词,请在A,B,C,D 中选择它可能的意义。
    A tolen is a body in space that goes around a star.
    ───
    A.大气 B.光环 C.火箭 D.行星(答案为D)
    C)下列句子的划线部分都是最普通的英语单词, 合起来的意思你不一定知道。请从上下文及单词本身词 义猜出这部分的意思。
    I saw the light in your room was still on at midnight
    yesterday.When did you knock off?
    ─────A.休息 B.锁门 C.工作 D.起床(答案为A)
    3.口试(题略)
    (NMET97)听力部分
    Ⅰ.听力理解(共20小题,每小题1分;满分20分)
    你将从录音上听到若干段小对话或讲话,每一段放两遍,请根据每段话的内容回答一个或数个问题,问题 及选择答案均印在下面。每个问题给你25秒钟回答时间。
    例:Man: I wonder why the office is still not open.
    Woman:But it's not yet eight. In fact, it's only a
    quarter to eight.
    At what time does the office open?
    A.At 8:30. B.At 8:15. C.At 8:00. D.At 7:45.
    答案是C。
    第一段对话,回答第1题
    1.The dialogue took place______.
    A.in a hotel B.in a store
    C.in a restaurant D.in the street
    第二段对话,回答第2—5题
    2.What is the topic of the dialogue?
    A.The weather B.Life in the country
    C.A weekend D.Travelling with friends
    3.Where did Alice spend the nights in the country?
    A.In a farmer's house. B.In the open.
    C.At a friend's home. D.At a hotel.
    4.What was the weather like in the country?
    A.It was fine.
    B.It was OK,but rained once.
    C.It was terrible.
    D.It rained every day except for one day.
    5.How long did it take Alice to come back from the country?
    A.Half an hour. B.Four hours.
    C.Nine hours. D.Twelve hours.
    第三段对话,回答第6—9题
    6.Where are the two speakers?
    A.In the woman speaker's office.
    B.In the woman speaker's house.
    C.In a classroom.
    D.In a hospital.
    7.The man came into the room because he ____.
    A.worked there himself
    B.wanted to talk to Kate
    C.had to see the woman doctor
    D.wanted Jane to type a letter for him
    8.What was Jane doing on the day when the dialogue tookplace?
    A.She was taking a rest.

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    B.She was taking an exam.
    C.She was preparing for an exam.
    D.She was studying in night school.
    9.What will Kate do next year?
    A.Go to Japan. B.Change her job.
    C.Go to night school. D.Buy an expensive car.
    第四段对话,回答第10—13题
    10.Why did the woman want to talk to the man?
    A.She was interested in foreigners.
    B.She planned to write about the evening school.
    C.She wanted to be able to teach English better.
    D.She tried to help newcomers to her country.
    11.When did the conversation(对话)take place?
    A.In the morning. B.At noon.
    C.In the afternoon. D.In the evening.
    12.Talking about his English the man thought that he waspoor in ______.
    A.speaking B.writing C.grammar D.reading
    13.After the conversation(对话)the

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man was going to _____.
    A.see his uncle B.have classes
    C.work in the shop D.meet his brother
    第五段讲话,回答第14—18题
    14.When did the speaker get up every day in the past?
    A.At 5:00. B.At 5:30.
    C.At 6:00. D.At 6:30.
    15.Early every morning the speaker had to _______.
    A.clean the bathroom
    B.feed the chickens
    C.help his sister get dressed
    D.carry water for the family
    16.The speaker and his sister did not go to school bybus because ________.
    A.their parents thought walking was good for them
    B.there was no bus running in that direction
    C.the school was quite near
    D.their family was poor
    17.On Sundays the speaker used to ____.
    A.play in the street
    B.stay at home all day
    C.go to church three times
    D.go shopping with his parents
    18.We can infer from the speech that the speaker ____.
    A.is a teacher
    B.lives on a farm
    C.wishes he were young again
    D.thinks children were happier in the past
    第六段讲话,回答第19—20题
    19.What happened the day before?
    A.Some thieves stole paintings from a museum.
    B.Some stolen paintings were sold at a very high price.
    C.The stolen paintings were returned at six in themorning.

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    D.The police found the stolen paintings with the help ofthe guard.
    20.How much were the paintings worth?
    A.About a million pounds.
    B.More than a million pounds.
    C.About twenty-five thousand pounds.
    D.More than two hundred and fifty thousand pounds.
    录音材料
    第一段对话,回答第1题
    M: Hello,this is room 205. What time is dinner,please?
    W: The main restaurant opens at 7 in the evening and closesat 10.Our coffee shop is open 24 hours a day.
    M: And what time is it now, please?
    W: It's 6 p.m.
    M: Thank you.
    第二段对话,回答第2—5题
    M: Morning Alice. Did you enjoy your holiday in the country?
    W: Yes,thanks. We had a great time. And some friends wentwith us.
    M: Where did you stay? In a hotel?
    W: No.We camped in the mountains, near Snowdon.We cookedall our meals on an open fire and a te outside.
    M: Sounds wonderful. Was the weather good?
    W: The sun shone nearly every day and it didn't rain once.
    M: Did you like the people there?
    W: Yes,they were great.We met some farmers and had tea intheir houses.
    M: When did you get back? Last night?
    W: No.You might think we were mad.We came back this morning.I got up at 4:30,left at 5 and a rrived here at 9.I'm so tired.What about you? Did you have a good weekend?
    M: Yes,but I didn't do much.I just stayed in. The weatherwas terrible.
    第三段对话,回答第6—9题
    (A knock at the door)
    W: Come in,please.
    M: Hello,Kate.Where is Jane?I want her to type this letterfor me.
    W: I am afraid she can't.She isn't working today.
    M: Oh,why?Is she ill?
    W: No. She is studying for an exam.
    M: An exam.Is she going to school?
    W: Yes, she is. She is learning Japanese in night school.
    M: I see. Are you going to night school,too?
    W: No,I'm not,not this year.But I'm thinking about taking acourse next year.
    M: That's a good idea.Is it expensive?
    W: No, not very.Anyway,it's worth the money.
    第四段对话,回答第10—13题
    W: Excuse me.I'm a student of this school during the day.I'm writing a report for the sch ool newspaper.It's aboutthe evening school.Can I ask you a few questions?
    M: OK.There are about ten minutes before my classes begin.

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    W: Thanks.Well, where are you from?And when did you cometo this country?
    M: I'm from Russia.I came here with my wife and children lastyear.
    W: Did you know any English before you arrived in Washington?
    M: Yes,I did.I learned English in the middle school.
    W: How are you getting along with your English now?
    M: My reading,writing,and grammar are OK, but I have someproblems talking to Americans.It s eems that they don't liketo talk to people like me.
    W: I'm sorry.I know some Americans don't try to understandforeigners. That's too bad. Er...
    Well,do you have a job?
    M: Yes, I do.I work in a shop.
    W: Where do you live?
    M: We still stay with my uncle in Bell Street. He has a bighouse.And my brother is coming to
    join us soon.
    W: You mean he's coming here from Russia.
    M: That's right.
    W: I see. Well,I have finished my questions. Thank you verymuch for your help.
    M: You are welcome.
    第五段讲话,回答第14—18题
    Now,you want to know about life in the past. Right? I cantell you.When I was a boy,things w ere different.I had to getup at six every morning. That was not very bad insummer, but i n winter it was cold.And we didn't have any hotwater in the house. We had to wash in cold wate r. We didn'thave a bathroom. My dad had some chickens. I had to feed themevery morning and t hen I had to walk to school with my littlesister. It was two miles to school and two miles back
    in theevening. But it always seemed longer in the morning when wewere going to school. Th ere was a bus, but we didn't have themoney. And we had to go to bed at seven o'clock every nig ht.We couldn't watch TV because there wasn't any. On Sundays wehad to go to church three times
    — morning, afternoon andevening. And we couldn't play ourside on Sundays. But itwas n't all bad. We had some good times. We could go out andour parents didn't have to worry abou t us. There weren't somany cars on the roads then, so the streets were safe to playin. And t here were not many robbers and thieves in those days. We had to work hard and we weren't able t o buy all thosethings in the shops today. Life was hard, but it was simpleand people were happier. I don't think I like to be youngtoday.
    第六段讲话,回答第19—20题
    Last night thieves broke into the City Museum and stolepaintings worth over a quarter of a million pounds. The break-in happened around twelve o'clock at night but was notdiscove red until six in the morning. At

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present it is notknown how the thieves got into the buildi ng though a guard ofthe museum is helping the police with their questions.

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