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英语教案-with用法小结

2008-08-03

With 用法小结

河北霸州一中----白艳娟

英语学习者在学习过程中,常会遇到with这个介词,而这个词在不同的语言环境中,其含义不近相同,经常让你无从下手,这里笔者对with用法做一小结,以供读者参考。

一、with表拥有某物

Mary married a man with a lot of money .

马莉嫁给了一个有着很多钱的男人。

I often dream of a big house with a nice garden .

我经常梦想有一个带花园的大房子。

The old man lived with a little dog on the lonely island .

这个老人和一条小狗住在荒岛上。

二、with表用某种工具或手段

I cut the apple with a sharp knife .

我用一把锋利的刀削平果。

Tom drew the picture with a pencil .

汤母用铅笔画画。

三、with表人与人之间的协同关系

make friends with sb

talk with sb

quarrel with sb

struggle with sb

fight with sb

play with sb

work with sb

cooperate with sb

I have been friends with Tom for ten years since we worked with each other , and I have never quarreled with him .

自从我们一起工作以来,我和汤母已经是十年的朋友了,但我们从没有吵过架。

四、with 表原因或理由

John was in bed with high fever .

约翰因发烧卧床。

He jumped up with joy .

他因高兴跳起来。

Father is often excited with wine .

父亲常因白酒变的兴奋。

五、with 表“带来”,或“带有,具有”,在…身上,在…身边之意

The girl with golden hair looks beautiful .

那个金头发的'女孩看起来漂亮。

The famous director will come to the meeting with the leading actor and actress .

那个有名的导演将带着男女主角来到会场。

A storm with a hurricane has come onto its way .

带有飓风的风暴要来了。

Do you have money with you .

身上带着钱吗?  

Take the umbrella with you in case it rains .

随身带伞,以防下雨。

六、with表想法,信念,态度与…一致

I agree with you on how to deal with it .

关于此事如何处理,我同意你的看法。

I believe with the headmaster that a good teacher should not only teach a student what to learn but also how to learn it .

我相信校长所说,一个好老师不但教学生学什么,而且应教学生怎么去学。

七、with表示让步,“虽有,尽管”

With all his money and fame, he is not happy .

有着钱和名誉,他还是不快乐。

With good teachers and warmhearted classmates ,the new comer feels lonely .

虽有着好老师和热心的同学,这个新来的还是感觉孤独。

八、with表同时,或同一方向,“随着”

The temperature of cold-blooded animals change with the temperature of the surroundings .

冷血动物的体温随着周围的环境的改变而变化。

The big ship is sailing with the wind .

这个大船正随风向航行。

And with the last words , she turned away.

随着最后一句话说完,他转身离开了。

九、with的复合结构表行为方式或伴随情况

1、  with + n/pron + adj.

He left the room with the door open .

门开着,他就离开了屋子。

Don’t talk with your mouse full .

嘴里满是东西,不要说话。

2、with + n/pron + adv.

With the radio on ,grandma slept deeply in the chair .

收音机开者,奶奶在椅子里沉沉的睡着。

With Tom away , I always feel lonely .

汤母不在,我一直感觉孤独。

3、with + n/pron + done

The fellow stood there with his hands crossed .

这个家伙两手交叉,站在那里。

The peasants have a good harvest with all the crops got in .

庄稼都收割了,农民们有了一个好收成。

4、with + n/pron + to do

With this book to help you , you can finish your work as soon as possible .

有这本书来帮忙,你能尽快完成工作。

With so many problems to settle ,the new manager was too worried to eat anything .

有着太多问题去处理,新经理担忧的吃不下任何东西。

5、with + n/pron + n

The old man looks down upon everyone ,with his son chairman of the 伴company .

因为他儿子是公司的主席,这个老头瞧不起任何人。

He was taken to hospital with his legs a mass of bleeding flesh .

他被抬到医院,他的腿血肉模糊。

6、with + n/pron + 介词短语

The man left the meeting with a book in his hand .

这个男人手里拿着书离开了会议。

The woman with a diamond necklace around the neck must be wealthy .

那个脖子上带项链的女人一定很有钱。

十、with其他用法主要出现在一些常用词和习语中,记住其特定含义即可。

It is a long time not to get in touch with Tom.

很长时间没有和汤母取得联系了。

Down with imperialism.

打倒帝国主义。


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